We invite you to discover the identity and specificities of the Andean country in which we operate, Peru.
A country: Peru. A city: Cusco
Peru can be divided into three distinct topographic regions: the coastal plain (Costa), the Andes (Sierra) and the Amazonian lands (Selva). Each region has its own characteristics: climate, resources, vegetation, and economic development.
The coastal plain is a narrow strip of desert stretching over the length of the country. The numerous rivers coming from the Andes and running towards the Pacific allowed the irrigation of the region, originally very arid. Most of the Peruvian cities and industries are concentrated in this coastal plain.
East of the coastal plain, the Sierra covers about 30% of the surface of Peru. It is an upland region that includes the high mountain ranges of the Andes, high plateaus, as well as deep gorges and valleys. More to the East, the Selva (mainly composed of tropical forests) covers 60% of the territory.
According to the legend, Cusco was founded in the 12th century by the Inca Manco Capac after the ancestral God of the Sun Inti gave him the mission to find the centre of the earth (“qosq’o”). The ninth Inca, Pachacutec, gave the puma form to the capital of the empire. He even diverted the course of the rivers for irrigation purposes and erected temples, palaces and fortresses. He might have been the architect of Machu Picchu. In 1532, under the command of Pizarro, a group of Spanish people went to Cusco to ambush Atahualpa (then Emperor Inca). They captured him and murdered thousands of Incas. To get back to his freedom, Atahualpa offered a room filled with gold and two others filled with silver. Unfortunately, this did not seem to satisfy Pizarro’s greed. He murdered him before he installed Manco Inca who had to establish the Spanish authority. The latter tried to rebel, but it was a mistake that allowed the conquistadors to plunder Cuzco and make it a colonial city of little importance since their economic centre was in Lima (present Peruvian capital).
The Inca civilization has remained strong in the city and its surroundings. In the region of Cusco and the “Sacred Valley” one can find the ruins of the Inca period (Sacsayhuamán, Pisac, Ollantaytambo, Moray, … and the well known Machu Picchu). This heritage makes it the first tourist region of Peru.
Watch the videos of the photographer Samuel Brault describing the reality of Cusco (in French only):
Find more videos and photos of Samuel Brault by clicking here.
Please be aware that it is forbidden to give money to minors. Child begging is a crime in Peru. To give money to those children will not help to extirpate them from this situation. Especially since they are often used by their parents, some are even rented by an adult beggar for the day. It is therefore rare that they get the whole amount of money.
We would also like to share with you the campaign launched by the Yachay program : “La calle no es su lugar”. It aims to reduce the number of children working or living on the street by informing the population, concerned families and local authorities.
What is the Yachay Program? Piloted by the Peruvian Ministry of Women and People in Difficulty, it helps children and adolescents who are working, begging or living on the streets, or are sexually exploited. Its objective is to enable these victims to develop in a suitable environment, by giving them access to care, education and being mediators in disadvantaged families. Several campaigns have been launched to inform of the plague among the whole population.
Education in Peru
The programs are defined by the Ministry of Education. Teachers and directors have to communicate the notes of each student to the Ministry of Education. Some give better notes so that their schools are recognized to have a good level. Repetition is virtually non-existent. It is hard to find a place in college for a repeating pupil… So we see parents paying the teacher to give good notes, teachers trying to get money to put good notes …